0003 Analyze the Relationship Among Ideas in Written Material Materials
Recognize Cause-and-Effect Relationships in a Passage
Some of the questions in the VCLA require you to identify connections between two or more sentences. These "sentence relationship" questions challenge you to do some critical thinking about how one idea relates to another.
Typically, two underlined sentences are followed by a question, either "What does the second sentence do?" or "How are the two sentences related?"
One type of relationship you might identify between two ideas is Cause and Effect.
Cause and Effect
In cause and effect relationships, the second sentence typically states an effect that is caused by the first sentence. Test for this option by adding the words “As a result,” between the sentences.
Engines with greater horsepower work harder than low-powered ones, causing components to incur greater stress and wear out faster.
AS A RESULT,
Cars with greater horsepower incur higher repair costs.
What does the second sentence do?
A. It repeats the idea in the first sentence.
B. It provides an example.
C. It presents a solution.
D. It states an effect.