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0006 Understand the Influence of Purpose and Audience
0007 Unity, Focus, and Development
0008 Apply Principles of Organization
0009 Sentence and Paragraph Construction
0010 Apply Correct Usage in Standard English
0011 Apply Knowledge of Mechanical Conventions
Incorrect and Extraneous Punctuation
Misspelled Words
Practice Writing Tests
0012 Analyzing and Revising Sentences
0013 Produce a Written Summary
0014 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0011 Apply Knowledge of Mechanical Conventions in Standard English

Identify and Correct Examples in which Incorrect or Extraneous Punctuation has been Used

Use a comma in the following situations:

  • Between independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so)

    Example: We wanted to see the show, but we didn’t get there on time.

  • Between introductory elements and the rest of the sentence

    Example: After I graduate from college, I plan to go to graduate school.

  • Between items in a series

    Example: A good teacher is well organized, knowledgeable, and interested in students.

  • To set off explanatory or parenthetical parts of a sentence

    Example: The meeting, for your information, will begin at 9:00 a.m.

  • Between addresses and dates and the rest of the sentence

    Example: He vacationed at the White Pine Hotel, 98 Ashland Street, Radford, Virginia, in May, 1987.

  • To separate a direct quotation from the rest of the sentence

    Example: “Call the police,” she screamed, “and tell them to come quickly!”

  • Between contrasting parts of a sentence

    Example: It was John, not Harry, who paid for our dinner.

  • Between nonrestrictive words, phrases, and clauses and the rest of the sentence.

    Example: She is as tall as, though two years younger than, her brother.