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Meaning of Words and Phrases
Main Idea and Supporting Details
Apply Skills of Inference and Interpretation
Analyze Relationships Among Ideas
Use Critical Reasoning Skills
Apply Skills for Outlining, Summarizing, and Interpreting
Practice Reading Tests

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VPT English: Reading Comprehension - Overview

The VPT English covers a number of reading comprehension skill areas with each skill area addressing a number of sub-skills. An outline showing these skill areas and their major sub-skills is shown below.

Determine the meaning of words and phrases in context

  • Use context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words or words with multiple meanings
  • Recognize the correct use of commonly misused pairs (e.g., affect/effect) in a passage
  • Determine the meaning of figurative or colloquial language in a passage
  • Identify appropriate synonyms or antonyms for words in a passage.

Understand the main idea and supporting details in written material

  • Identify the stated main idea of a paragraph or passage
  • Establish the sequence of events or steps presented in a passage
  • Recognize information that supports, illustrates, or elaborates the main idea of a paragraph or a passage
  • Identify the meaning of a figurative expression in a passage.

Apply skills of inference and interpretation to a variety of written materials

  • Recognize a writer's implied purpose for writing (e.g., to persuade, to describe)
  • Identify the statement that best expresses the implied main idea of a paragraph or passage
  • Recognize implied cause-and-effect relationships in a passage
  • Interpret the content, word choice, and phrasing of a passage to determine a writer's opinions, point of view, or position on an issue.

Analyze relationships among ideas in written material

  • Recognize similarities and differences among ideas in a passage
  • Analyze relationships between ideas in opposition (e.g., pro and con)
  • Select solutions to problems based on information presented in written material
  • Draw conclusions from information stated or implied in a passage.

Use critical reasoning skills to evaluate written material

  • Recognize stated or implied assumptions on which the validity of an argument depends
  • Determine the relevance of specific facts, examples, or graphic data to a writer's argument
  • Recognize fallacies in the logic of a writer's argument
  • Recognize qualifying language and distinguish between fact and opinion in written material
  • Assess the credibility, objectivity, or bias of the author of a passage or the author's sources.

Apply skills for outlining and summarizing written materials and interpreting information presented in graphs or tables

  • Organize the main ideas in a passage into an outline or another form of graphic or tabular organization
  • Identify an accurate summary of a passage
  • Interpret information presented in charts, graphs, or tables.