DEMONSTRATION ONLY: This demonstration presents an abbreviated version of the complete PLACE course. Click 'Next' at the bottom of the screen or make a selection from the links on the left to begin. Not all links are available for the demo.
Analyze the Relationships Among Ideas in Written Material
Identifying Cause-Effect Relationships
Some of the questions in the PLACE Reading test require you to identify connections between two or more sentences. These "sentence relationship" questions challenge you to do some critical thinking about how one idea relates to another.
One type of relationship you might identify between two ideas is Cause and Effect.
Cause and Effect
In cause and effect relationships, the second sentence typically states an effect that is caused by the first sentence. Test for this option by adding the words “As a result,” between the sentences.
Engines with greater horsepower work harder than low-powered ones, causing components to incur greater stress and wear out faster.
AS A RESULT,
Cars with greater horsepower incur higher repair costs.
What does the second sentence do?
A. It repeats the idea in the first sentence.
B. It provides an example.
C. It presents a solution.
D. It states an effect.