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0007 Role of Audience and Purpose
0008 Idea Development, Fluency, and Organization
0009 Writing that Effectively Communicates Intended Messages
Development of Ideas
Paragraphing to Reinforce Structure
Supporting Details
0010 Apply Revision Strategies
0011 Standard Writing Conventions
Practice Writing Tests
0012 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0009 Recognize Writing that Effectively Communicates Intended Messages

Distinguish Between Effective and Ineffective Development of Ideas Within a Paragraph

A writer needs to present the information in an organized way so that readers will find it easy and enjoyable to read. Clear organization helps give a paragraph coherence. Coherence means that everything in the paragraph sticks together; all the ideas, details, and sentences are clearly related and flow together smoothly.

Read this sample paragraph about planning your study time to see how it presents information clearly.




As a college student, you need to know how to organize your time carefully. Find or make a weekly schedule that has blank squares for every hour of the week. First, fill in fixed commitments such as classes, meals, church, club meetings, and any other regular obligations. Next, budget some of the blank spaces for exercise and entertainment to break up the day. Of course, leave enough time for homework and review. Write in specific times for doing homework for each class. Although students have a tendency to start working on their favorite subjects, this habit postpones the others until later at night when the students are tired. Good students always tackle first. A well-designed schedule allows them to enjoy themselves while completing all of their work on time.



Answer these questions about the content of the paragraph. Answers will vary.

1. What is the very limited subject of this paragraph?
Check answer

2. What does the paragraph show about the very limited subject?
Check answer

3. List three details used to support the topc sentence.
Check answer