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0001 Main Ideas and Supporting Details
0002 Main Idea and Supporting Details
0003 Apply Skills of Inference and Interpretation
0004 Analyze Relationships Among Ideas
0005 Use Critical Reasoning Skills
0006 Apply Skills for Outlining, Summarizing, and Interpreting
Organize the Main Ideas in a Passage
Interpret Information in Charts, Graphs, or Tables
Practice Reading Tests

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0003 Apply Skills of Inference and Interpretation to a Variety of Written Materials

Recognize a Writer's Implied Purpose for Writing (eg, to Persuade, to Describe)

An author always has a reason or purpose for writing a passage. Some passages explicitly state their purposes. Other passages leave it for the reader to guess or infer the purpose. The good reader should always seek the purpose of a passage because it is an excellent clue for understanding the writing.

When trying to determine the purpose of a passage, begin with a consideration of the topic sentences of the paragraphs. The author’s purpose is often related to the progression of the ideas. Another method of determining purpose is to take note of the language that is used. If the purpose is to explain a serious issue, the passage will be restricted to standard English. If the purpose is to entertain or satirize, then slang, jargon, and informal English may be used to produce the desired effect.

To improve an understanding of any passage, a reader should try to write a sentence describing its purpose. This practice will improve comprehension of the ideas and conclusions of a passage.

For the three paragraphs shown as a passage above, describe the author's purpose. Click the "Next" button below when the task is completed.