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0001 Meaning of Words and Phrases
0002 Main Idea and Supporting Details
0003 Purpose, Point of View, and Intended Meaning
0004 Analyze the Relationship Among Ideas
Cause-and-Effect Relationships
Analyze Relationships Between Ideas
0005 Critical Reasoning Skills
0006 Apply Skills for Outlining, Summarizing, and Interpreting
Practice Reading Tests

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0004 Analyze the Relationships Among Ideas in Written Material

Identify Cause-and-Effect Relationships

Some of the questions in the MTEL Reading test require you to identify connections between two or more sentences. These "sentence relationship" questions challenge you to do some critical thinking about how one idea relates to another.

One type of relationship you might identify between two ideas is Cause and Effect.

Cause and Effect

In cause and effect relationships, the second sentence typically states an effect that is caused by the first sentence. Test for this option by adding the words “As a result,” between the sentences.

For example:

Engines with greater horsepower work harder than low-powered ones, causing components to incur greater stress and wear out faster.


Cars with greater horsepower incur higher repair costs.

What does the second sentence do?

A. It repeats the idea in the first sentence.
B. It provides an example.
C. It presents a solution.
D. It states an effect.