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0001 Meaning of Words and Phrases
0002 Main Idea and Supporting Details
0003 Purpose, Point of View, and Intended Meaning
0004 Analyze the Relationship Among Ideas
0005 Critical Reasoning Skills
0006 Apply Skills for Outlining, Summarizing, and Interpreting
Practice Reading Tests

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Communication and Literacy Skills Reading Subtest Competencies

The MTEL reading subtest contains six general objectives which define the knowledge and skills that Massachusetts educators and teacher educators have determined to be important for educators to possess. Each objective is expanded upon by descriptive statements. Descriptive statements provide examples of the range, type, and level of content that may appear on the test for questions measuring the objective.

An outline showing these objective and descriptive statements is shown below.

0001 Determine the meaning of words and phrases in the context in which they occur

  • Identify the meaning of commonly used words
  • Determine the meaning of a word with multiple meanings
  • Determine the meaning of an uncommon word or phrase
  • Identify synonyms or antonyms for words used in a given passage
  • Determine the meaning of figurative language

0002 Understand the main idea and supporting details in written material

  • Identify the explicit main idea of a paragraph or passage
  • Identify the implied main idea of a paragraph or passage
  • Identify ideas, information, data, and details that support, illustrate, or elaborate the main idea of a paragraph or passage

0003 Identify a writer's purpose, point of view, and intended meaning

  • Identify a writer's stated or implied purpose for writing
  • Identify the audience for a given piece of writing
  • Identify why a writer has included specific information or examples
  • Identify the likely response of an audience to a writer's choice of words or phrases
  • Interpret content, word choice, and phrasing to determine a writer's opinion or point of view

0004 Analyze the relationships among ideas in written material

  • Identify cause-and-effect relationships
  • Identify the order of events or steps described in written material
  • Analyze relationships between similar ideas or ideas in opposition
  • Draw conclusions from information stated or implied within a passage

0005 Use critical reasoning skills to evaluate written material

  • Identify the assumptions underlying a writer's argument
  • Assess the relevance of facts, examples, or data to a writer's argument
  • Distinguish between statements of fact and expressions of opinion
  • Assess a writer's objectivity or bias

0006 Apply skills for outlining and summarizing written materials and interpreting information presented in graphic form

  • Identify an effective outline or graphic representation of information presented in a paragraph or passage
  • Identify an effective summary of information presented in a paragraph or passage
  • Interpret information presented in graphs, tables, charts, or diagrams
  • Draw conclusions based on information presented in graphs, tables, charts, or diagrams
  • Select the graphic form best suited to the presentation of information contained in a paragraph or passage