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0001 Meaning of Words and Phrases
0002 Purpose, Main Idea, and Organization
0003 Analyze and Evaluate Ideas and Information
0004 Make Inferences from Ideas and Information
Tone, Opinion, or Point of View
Assumptions on Validity of Argument
Drawing Conclusions from Ideas
Practice Reading Tests

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0004 Make Inferences from Ideas and Information Presented in a Variety of Texts

Identifying the Author's Tone, Opinion, or Point of View

Writer’s must make critical word choices to establish the tone that will get their ideas across to a particular audience. Do the words used by a writer achieve the intended effect for the selected audience?

For example:

What effect would the sentence below have on an intended audience of college students?

“Now, y’all know that reading good is something that everybody’s got to do in college.”

The words used in that sentence would certainly not convince beginning college students that reading is the skill that most determines college success because:

The words are slang and negate both the serious purpose and intent of the writer, and

They are demeaning to the audience in the serious context of the topic due to the level of education of the members of the audience.

Word choices that are not appropriate for the intended audience can have the opposite effect of the author’s intent. Your ability to correctly evaluate the effectiveness of the writer’s choice of words for the intended audience and purpose is a good measure of your own understanding of the passage.