Welcome, Student Name
| Student Demo |
Buy Now
0001 Meaning of Words and Phrases
0002 Purpose, Main Idea, and Organization
0003 Analyze and Evaluate Ideas and Information
Analyze Relationships Between Ideas
Fact and Opinion
Relevance, Importance, and Sufficiency
0004 Make Inferences from Ideas and Information
Practice Reading Tests

Main Menu
Exit Student Demo

Buy Now for $39.95 and begin using the entire course in less than two minutes

0003 Analyze and Evaluate Ideas and Information Presented in a Variety of Texts

Analyze Relationships Between Ideas

Some of the questions in the PAPA Reading test require you to identify connections between two or more sentences. These "sentence relationship" questions challenge you to do some critical thinking about how one idea relates to another.

One type of relationship you might identify between two ideas is Cause and Effect.

Cause and Effect

In cause and effect relationships, the second sentence typically states an effect that is caused by the first sentence. Test for this option by adding the words “As a result,” between the sentences.

For example:

Engines with greater horsepower work harder than low-powered ones, causing components to incur greater stress and wear out faster.


Cars with greater horsepower incur higher repair costs.

What does the second sentence do?

A. It repeats the idea in the first sentence.
B. It provides an example.
C. It presents a solution.
D. It states an effect.