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0011 Understand Effective Writing
0012 Understand Clear, Concise, and Coherent Writing
0013 Understand Grammatical Writing
0014 Understand Mechanics and Conventions
Misspelled Words
Rules of Capitalization
Rules of Punctuation
Practice Writing Tests
0015 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0014 Understand Writing Mechanics and the Conventions of Standard American English

Applying Knowledge of the Rules of Spelling and Commonly Misspelled Words

Many words sound alike but mean different things when put into writing. The next few pages will help you distinguish between some of the more common words that sound alike.

Accept, Except

accept: verb meaning to receive or to agree

He accepted their praise graciously.

except: preposition meaning all but, other than

Everyone went to the game except Alyson.

Affect, Effect

affect: verb meaning to influence

Will lack of sleep affect your game?

effect: noun meaning result or consequence

Will lack of sleep have an effect on your game?

effect: verb meaning to bring about, to accomplish

Our efforts have effected a major change in administration policy.

Advise, Advice

advise: verb that means to recommend, suggest, or counsel

I advise you to be cautious.

advice: noun that means an opinion or recommendation about what could or should be done

I'd like to ask for your advice on this matter.