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0006 Understand the Influence of Purpose and Audience
0007 Unity, Focus, and Development
Well-Developed Writing
Revisions that Improve the Unity and Focus
0008 Apply Principles of Organization
0009 Sentence and Paragraph Construction
0010 Apply Correct Usage in Standard English
0011 Apply Knowledge of Mechanical Conventions
Practice Writing Tests
0012 Analyzing and Revising Sentences
0013 Produce a Written Summary
0014 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0007 Apply Principles of Unity, Focus, and Development in Writing

Make Revisions that Improve the Unity and Focus of a Paragraph or Passage

The main idea of a passage may involve a wide variety of supporting details, but every sentence must be related to the main idea. When a passage contains material that has little or no connection to the main idea (or the connection is not clear) then the sentences containing such material are irrelevant.

For example, the paragraph below contains a sentence that is irrelevant. Read the paragraph and identify the sentence that is irrelevant.

November and December are wonderful months for gardening in the south. While residents of northern states are more concerned with preparations for winter, gardeners in southern states can enjoy natural circumstances that enhance their efforts. Football enthusiasts in November and December can enjoy the sport throughout the country. Temperatures in the south are warm enough to grow abundant amounts of flowers and vegetables. Plants and gardeners are relatively free from the pesky bug populations that present problems during the summer. If you enjoy gardening, you'll find November and December good months in the south.

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