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0006 Understand the Influence of Purpose and Audience
0007 Unity, Focus, and Development
0008 Apply Principles of Organization
0009 Sentence and Paragraph Construction
0010 Apply Correct Usage in Standard English
0011 Apply Knowledge of Mechanical Conventions
Practice Writing Tests
0012 Analyzing and Revising Sentences
Apply Revision Strategies to Topic Sentences
Apply Revision Strategies to the Thesis Sentence
0013 Produce a Written Summary
0014 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0012 Improve Ineffective Writing by Analyzing and Revising Sentences Containing Problems Related to Grammar and Usage, Construction, and Mechanics

Short-Answer Section

The Constructed-Response section of the Writing subtest requires you to write three short-answer items. For each item you will be asked to revise text that contains two errors (e.g., in grammar, usage, construction, spelling, capitalization, punctuation).

A good approach is rewrite the text so that the errors are addressed and the original meaning is maintained. In addressing the errors, you may restructure the syntax of the original text, but the essential elements (e.g., names, places, actions) and relationship among those elements (e.g., cause/effect, before/after) must be maintained.

Your rewrite should be a single sentence and should not introduce any new errors in grammar, usage, construction, spelling, punctuation, or capitalization. All proper names of people are correctly spelled within the text.

The next several pages will focus on improving your skills by revising topic and thesis sentences.