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Language Arts:
Grammar and Usage
0007 Demonstrate Command of Standard Usage
0008 Mechanical Conventions
Language Arts:
0009 Purpose and Audience
0010 Unity, Focus, Development, and Organization
0011 Editing and Revision Strategies
0012 Recognizing Effective Communication
Practice Writing Tests
0013 Prepare an Organized, Developed Composition

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0008 Understand and Apply Knowledge of Mechanical Conventions in Edited English in the United States

Recognize Instances in which Incorrect or Extraneous Punctuation Has Been Used or Necessary Punctuation Has Been Omitted

Use a comma in the following situations:

  • Between independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so)

    Example: We wanted to see the show, but we didn’t get there on time.

  • Between introductory elements and the rest of the sentence

    Example: After I graduate from college, I plan to go to graduate school.

  • Between items in a series

    Example: A good teacher is well organized, knowledgeable, and interested in students.

  • To set off explanatory or parenthetical parts of a sentence

    Example: The meeting, for your information, will begin at 9:00 a.m.

  • Between addresses and dates and the rest of the sentence

    Example: He vacationed at the White Pine Hotel, 98 Ashland Street, Radford, Virginia, in May, 1987.

  • To separate a direct quotation from the rest of the sentence

    Example: “Call the police,” she screamed, “and tell them to come quickly!”

  • Between contrasting parts of a sentence

    Example: It was John, not Harry, who paid for our dinner.

  • Between nonrestrictive words, phrases, and clauses and the rest of the sentence.

    Example: She is as tall as, though two years younger than, her brother.